Magento is an open source e-commerce web application that was launched on March 31, 2008 under the name Bento. Magento is a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL for web hosting service, which was built using parts of the Zend Framework.It provides full support for object-oriented programming and Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. Magento also uses the entity-attribute-value (EAV) database model to store data.It was developed by Varien (now Magento, a division of eBay) with help from the programmers within the open source community but is now owned solely by eBay Inc.

In April 2014, W3Techs estimated that Magento was used by 1.0% of all websites. According to the research conducted by aheadWorks in April, 2014, Magento’s share is about 34% among 20 most popular e-commerce platforms.


History

Magento officially started development in early 2007. Seven months later, on August 31, 2007, the first public beta version was released. Varien, the company owning Magento, formerly worked with osCommerce. They had originally planned to fork osCommerce but later decided to rewrite it as Bento. Due in part to a naming conflict with FileMaker Inc. who had already trademarked the name Bento, Varien and osCommerce renamed Bento to Magento, a mix of Bento and Mage. The term Mage is said to pay homage to the Mage or Wizard of traditional D&D style role playing games.

Overview Magento Community Edition

Magento Community edition is open-source content-management system so that anyone can modify the core system of Magento. Developers can implement the core files and extend its functionality by adding new plug-in modules provided by other developers. Since the first public beta version was released in 2007, Community edition has been developed and customized in order to provide a basic eCommerce platform. The latest version is 1.9.0.1 which was released on May 16, 2014.

Magento Enterprise Edition

Magento Enterprise edition is derived from Magento Community edition and has the same core files as Magento Community Edition. Unlike Community Edition, this is not a free solution, but has more features and functionalities. This edition is designed for large sized businesses by providing technical supports. The major assistances are installation, usage, configuration, and troubleshooting. Although Magento Enterprise has annual maintenance fees, neither Community nor Enterprise offers hosting. The Magento team develops Enterprise Edition by cooperating with users and third-parties. The latest version is 1.14.1.0 which was released on May 13, 2014.

Magento Go

Magento Go is a cloud-based eCommerce solution, which also includes all of the features for web hosting. This was launched in February of 2011 in order to support small businesses without installation of software. Magento Go still has many built-in modules and can add Magento extensions for more functionality, but is also the least customizable platform. Unlike Magento Community and Magento Enterprise, Magento Go is hosted by Magento itself so that customers do not need to worry about even hosting web. The latest version is 1.1.2.3 which was released on March 28, 2014.

Magento certification

There are three different Magento certifications which aim for proving developers themselves competency in understanding of implementing modules with Magento. Magento Front End Developer Certification is mainly focused on improving the user interface (UI) of built-in applications. This certification is related with templates, layouts, Javascript, and CSS. Magento Developer certification is geared toward back end developers who implement the core modules. The Plus certification tests deep understanding of Magento Enterprise modules and the entire architecture.